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Info about Magnus Carlsen:
Carlsen Magnus (30238051906).jpg
Carlsen at the 2016 Chess Olympiad
Full name Sven Magnus Øen Carlsen
Born 30 November 1990 (age 27)
Tønsberg, Vestfold, Norway
Title Grandmaster (2004)
World Champion 2013–present
FIDE rating 2842 (July 2018)
Peak rating 2882 (May 2014)
Ranking No. 1 (May 2018)
Peak ranking No. 1 (January 2010)
Sven Magnus Øen Carlsen (Norwegian: [sven ˈmɑŋnʉs øːn ˈkɑːɭsn̩]; born 30 November 1990) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster and the current World Chess Champion. A chess prodigy, Carlsen earned his grandmaster title at the age of 13 years and 148 days.
Carlsen was introduced to chess at the age of five and played in his first tournament at the age of eight. He earned his grandmaster title in 2004 and was competing successfully against the world’s strongest grandmasters by 2007. He surpassed an Elo rating of 2800 in 2009 and reached No. 1 in the FIDE rankings in 2010, becoming the youngest person ever to achieve those feats.
Carlsen became World Champion in 2013 by defeating Viswanathan Anand. In the subsequent year, he retained his title against Anand, won both the 2014 World Rapid Championship and World Blitz Championship, thus becoming the first player to simultaneously hold all three titles, and reached a peak rating of 2882, the highest in history. In 2016, he defended his title against Sergey Karjakin.
Known for his attacking style as a teenager, Carlsen has since developed into a universal player. He uses a variety of openings to make it more difficult for opponents to prepare against him and reduce the effect of computer analysis. He has stated the middlegame is his favourite part of the game as it “comes down to pure chess.” His positional mastery and endgame prowess have drawn comparisons to those of former World Champions Bobby Fischer, Anatoly Karpov, Vasily Smyslov, and José Raúl Capablanca.
Carlsen had an aggressive style of play as a youth, and, according to Simen Agdestein, his play was characterised by “a fearless readiness to offer material for activity”. As he matured, Carlsen found that this risky playing style was not as well suited against the world elite. When he started playing in top tournaments, he had trouble getting much out of the opening. To progress, Carlsen’s style became more universal, capable of handling all sorts of positions well. He opens with both 1.d4 and 1.e4, as well as 1.c4, and, on occasion, 1.Nf3, thus making it harder for opponents to prepare against him and reducing the effect of computer analysis. He said in 2015 that the middlegame is his favourite part of the game as it comes down to “pure chess”. In a 2016 interview, Anish Giri said: “Magnus and I are very close in terms of style, but in our approach to the game we’re total opposites. Magnus tries to put the accent only on play, getting away from preparation, but for me preparation plays an enormous role.”
[Carlsen] has been known to say that he isn’t all that interested in opening preparation; his main forte is the middlegame, in which he manages to outplay many of his opponents with positional means. … Carlsen’s repertoire is aimed at avoiding an early crisis in the game. He invariably aims for middlegames that lend themselves to a strategic approach.
Jan Timman, 2012
Garry Kasparov, who coached Carlsen from 2009 to 2010, said that Carlsen has a positional style similar to that of past world champions such as Anatoly Karpov, José Raúl Capablanca, and Vasily Smyslov, rather than the tactical style of Alexander Alekhine, Mikhail Tal, and Kasparov himself. In a 2013 interview, Peter Heine Nielsen said: “The days of big novelties are over, and that fits Magnus’ style well.” According to Carlsen, however, he does not have any preferences in playing style. Kasparov said in 2013 that “Carlsen is a combination of Karpov [and] Fischer. He gets his positions [and] then never lets go of that bulldog bite. Exhausting for opponents.” Carlsen has also stated that he follows in the traditions of Karpov and Fischer, but additionally mentions Reuben Fine as a player who “was doing in chess similar to what I am doing.”…