- Scientists from Insilico Medicine have created a formula that can tell a person’s biological age
- The formula reveals how lifestyle or medicinal changes will affect patients
- Experts say the formula could help cure age-related disease like dementia
Artificial intelligence could help people live longer by detecting your internal age and designed a tailor-made medical regime, according to new research.
Scientists developed a ‘simple and cheap’ computer algorithm that can calculate people’s biological age, and reveal whether certain lifestyle changes and medical products could increase the chance of living a long and healthy life.
The formula, called Aging.AI, has provided accurate results for 130,000 individuals based on their blood samples.
New research, led by the AI company Insilico Medicine, says artificial intelligence could determine a person’s risk of developing age-related diseases like cancer and heart disease.
Scientists created a formula that can calculate a person’s risk of developing age-related diseases, and give medical advice based on those risks
‘The artificial intelligence is just as good at predicting your age as if you looked at a picture of the person and had to guess the person’s age,’ said Dr Morten Scheibye-Knudsen, a professor at University of Copenhagen’s Center for Healthy Aging.
It’s important to note that a person’s biological age – or, ‘internal clock’ – may be different from their actual age.
For instance, a 65-year-old woman who is healthy and active could have a body that is physiologically similar to a 50-year-old woman. That means her biological age is 55.
The study, published in the Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences, tested the Aging.AI formula on a series of blood samples and found the algorithm is able to determine a person’s biological age based on a blood sample.
Each blood sample was measured for parameters such as cholesterol level and inflammation by a medical doctor, according to the study.
The research also showed that if the algorithm found people are biologically younger than their actual age, they are more likely to live longer.
‘Right now we actually have no idea how old we will be. Of course we have hypotheses and assumptions,’ Dr Scheibye-Knudsen said. ‘But we also know age is the greatest risk factor when it comes to widespread diseases like cancer, dementia and cardiovascular diseases.’
Researchers say the formula can also be used to assess the effect of drugs and other procedures on general physical health by measuring biological age before and after medical treatment.
The Aging.AI formula is part of a larger trend of using artificial intelligence to improve health outcomes.
Genetic testing company 23AndMe’s is the first to sell FDA-approved DNA testing kits that can determine the risks of developing diseases such as obesity, diabetes and heart disease.
This month the company launched a weight loss study this month in an effort to determine whether genetics influence diet and exercise. In the study, customers are asked to commit to a personalized diet or exercise regime, complete with a prediction model, for three months.
Generally, experts look at the length of telomeres — the protective ends of chromosomes —to determine a person’s biological age. People with longer telomeres will live longer lives.
Telomeres usually shorten with age, but studies have shown that poor health habits such as smoking, excessive drinking, and a lack of physical activity can increase the rate of shortening.
Some people age quicker regardless of their lifestyle — a 2016 study published in the journal Ageing found that a person’s biological ‘clock’ can also be determined by subtle chemical changes occurring in the body.
Research has shown that exercise and diets high in antioxidants vitamins and minerals can slow down biological aging.
A 2013 study published in The Lancet Oncology found that exercise in combination with a diet high in fruits and vegetables and low in refined carbohydrates can actually lengthen a person’s life.
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